Children’s intelligence, which has been known by society in general, is only limited to academic aspects such as the ability of children to know numbers and be able to count quickly or mathematical logic intelligence. According to a psychology expert from the United States named Howard Gardner, human intelligence covers many aspects in everyday life. Therefore, it is necessary to recognize the Types of Children’s Intelligence and How to Develop the Right Ones.
Howard Gardner introduced the existence of nine types of intelligence, better known as multiple intelligences. The nine compound intelligences according to Gardner include: musical intelligence, naturalist, linguistic, interpersonal, intrapersonal, visual spatial, mathematical logic, kinesthetic, and moral intelligence.
Gardner, who is a professor of education at Harvard University, also stated that intelligence is related to a unique set of abilities of a person. Everyone also has a certain preferred way of demonstrating these intellectual abilities. Therefore, Smart Teachers must understand that each student has their own advantages and uniqueness. It is very unwise for all students to be equalized because the way they need to expend and develop their potential is definitely different from others.
Smart Teachers also need to educate parents so that they do not only measure children’s intelligence based on the values listed on the report card. The child may not show admirable abilities in numeracy lessons, but it may be that he has a higher intelligence in other aspects. Knowing the type of intelligence of the child is very important for the teacher and also the parents in order to stimulate and develop the intelligence possessed by the child.
So, do not let the meaning of intelligence become narrow because in reality in a child can have very much potential to develop.
So, so that students’ intelligence and potential are not hampered, it is important for parents and teachers to know how to develop children’s intelligence. Smart Teachers must be able to design the right type of exercises/tasks to develop children’s intelligence. The following are 9 human intelligences that include early childhood intelligence and ways to develop it:
9 Multiple Intelligences that Children can have
Language intelligence (Verbal-Linguistic)
Gardner’s first type of intelligence was linguistics or language intelligence. This intelligence includes the ability to process words, grammar, and express information and ideas using writing. The thing that Smart Teachers can do to be able to stimulate and develop this intelligence is to invite students to read aloud, role-play, discuss, and play words.
Mathematical logic intelligence
This type of child’s intelligence includes the ability to think logically, understand causation, like puzzles, as well as an interest in numbers. So that students’ mathematical logic intelligence can develop well, Smart Teachers and parents can introduce the concepts of numbers and counting as early as possible, invite children to do strategy games, and conduct simple scientific experiments.
Visual and spatial intelligence
The next kinds of children’s intelligence are visual and spatial intelligence. Children who have this intelligence are usually able to recognize objects and shapes, patterns, positions, easily read maps and plans, and are able to think creatively. So that children’s visual and spatial intelligence is well honed, Smart Teachers can invite students to draw, create works, build from game blocks, teach directions, and teach recognizing various forms of motifs.
Kinesthetic intelligence (movement)
Kinesthetic intelligence includes the ability to coordinate good gestures and enjoy physical activities very much. The way to develop this intelligence is to invite students to do various physical activities such as running, dancing, playing body balance training, and imitating various body movements such as pantomime.
The next compound intelligence is musical intelligence, where students who have this intelligence have a high sensitivity to notes, quickly memorize rhythms and songs, and enjoy singing. Ways that Smart Teachers can do so that this intelligence develops include playing musical instruments and inviting them to sing.
Interpersonal intelligence is the ability to relate well to others, understand the feelings of others, and enjoy existence in the middle of a group. Getting students to move with new people, encouraging them to interact with others, and involving students in social services, and providing opportunities to provide help from others are examples of ways to develop interpersonal intelligence in students.
While interpersonal intelligence is the intelligence of how to relate to others, intrapersonal intelligence is the intelligence in recognizing oneself, expressing feelings, being confident, and being able to express what is liked and disliked. Providing students with leadership training, encouraging them to write a diary book, discussing with students about their feelings, and teaching them to recognize their weaknesses and strengths are activities that can stimulate this intelligence.
Students with this intelligence usually have an interest in learning and sensitivity to nature, the environment, animals, plants, and outer space. Smart Teachers can invite students to raise animals such as fish in class, take care of plants, invite tours in nature, and explain to the science around nature to help stimulate this intelligence.
The latter’s compound intelligence is moral intelligence, that is, the ability to understand civilized demands and behave in society, as well as social norms. Ways to develop this intelligence include inviting students to discuss community norms, reading stories with moral messages, and so on.
Intelligence in children requires different learning impulses. By knowing the type of intelligence of children, Smart Teachers can provide more varied learning development. At home, parents must also provide support so that the child’s intelligence will develop properly.
How to deal with the types of multiple intelligences that children have?
Every child is a unique person and has different intelligence or talent. As a parent, you need to embrace each of these talents and intelligences, and help your child reach his or her greatest potential.
In addition, multiple intelligence is something that should be developed. You can provide children with various kinds of materials and types of teaching to support the type of intelligence of children, not just support their interests.
Forcing children too much according to their parents’ wishes can have a negative impact on children, such as triggering anxiety disorders, depression, self-doubt, and so on.
Instead, support the child according to the type of intelligence he has and the field of interest.